31 July It Happened Today
1556 Death of Ignatius Loyola, founder of the Jesuit order.
1875 Death of former US president Andrew Johnson.
1912 Birth of American economist Milton Friedman.
1964 Space probe Ranger 7 lands on the moon.
1964 American country singer Jim Reeves is killed in a plane crash.
1965 Birth of British novelist J K Rowling, author of the Harry Potter books.