8 July It Happened Today
1822 English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley drowns in the Bay of Spezia.
1838 Birth of Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin.
1839 Birth of American oil baron John D Rockefeller.
1889 In a bareknuckle world heavyweight boxing match, John L Sullivan beats Jake Kilrain in the 75th round.
1943 French Resistance leader Jean Moulin executed by Nazis.
1965 Starting gates for horse races are used for the first time at English racecourse in Newmarket.
1967 Death of English actress Vivien Leigh.
1990 West Germany win the football World Cup, beating Argentina 1-0.