9 January It Happened Today
1799 Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax in Britain to pay for the war against France.
1806 Lord Nelson, hero of the Battle of Trafalgar, is buried at St Paul’s Cathedral.
1854 Birth of Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Sir Winston.
1913 Birth of future US president Richard M Nixon.
1914 Birth of the American strip-tease artiste Gypsy Rose Lee.
1972 The trans-atlantic liner Queen Elizabeth sinks in Hong Kong harbour.