17 July It Happened Today

1790  Death of Scottish intellectual Adam Smith, best known for his work “The Wealth of Nations”.

1815  Napoleon surrenders to the British at Rochefort.

1889  Birth of American lawyer and novelist Erle Stanley Gardner, author of the Perry Mason novels.

1899  Birth of American actor James Cagney.

1959  Death of American jazz singer Billie Holiday.

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